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Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea), a legume largely consumed by most populations in Africa, is widely grown as a food crop. This study is aimed at assessing the effect of some selected traditional processing methods (roasting with/without pod and boiling) on the protein and lipid composition of groundnut for optimal nutritional yield of the end product(s). Standard procedures were employed in the determination of the proximate composition of raw groundnut samples with emphasis on the lipid and protein content. Some selected traditional processing methods (roasting with/without pod and boiling with pod) were also employed and their effects on the lipid and protein content evaluated. Results demonstrated that groundnuts are excellent sources of protein and lipid. The processing technique, especially, dehulling before roasting manifested a significant (p<0.05) increase in the protein and lipid contents when compared with raw samples and other techniques.
The study examined the chemical composition of fresh, sundried tender leaves and husks of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). The tender leaves and husks were parboiled and sundried. Proximate, micronutrient, phytochemical and antinutrient compositions were determined using standard procedures. Dried leaves had higher protein content than those of fresh leaves (FL) and dried husks (HU). Dried leaves (DL) and husks had lower fat content than the control (1.31 and 0.75 vs 9.10% (p<0.05). Sun drying increased the ash in both the DL and HU. Carbohydrate increased more the in HU than in the DL. The micronutrients in both DL and HU were reduced by sun drying. Tannins, saponins, flavonoids and polyphenols were decreased in the processed samples. Antinutrients were low. Haemaglutinin a food toxicant had slight increases. Cowpea leaves and husks have high nutrient potentials to justify the cultivation, processing, consumption and diversification.
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are the synthetic derivatives of testosterone which are widely accepted as performance enhancers and illicitly self-administered to increase muscle mass and physical endurance. The use of anabolic steroids by sportsmen and teenagers has increased to such extents thereby raising questions about their hepatotoxicity. The present study elucidates the adverse effects of AAS when administered at supraphysiological doses. Its focus is on the effects of massive doses of nandrolone decanoate, the most commonly abused AAS on the levels of the two important enzymatic liver biomarkers, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in albino mice. Tissue samples (liver tissue) were collected from normal control and nandrolone decanoate treated (2.5mg twice a week, administered intramuscularly for 13 weeks) albino mice and AST/ ALT levels of liver tissue were measured by following the method of Reitman and Frankel (1957).
The research was carried out to minimize nitrate leachate in RBE soil by in cooperating green manures (Sesbania rostrata, Gliricidia and sunhemp) and Azolla. The soil samples for experiment was collected from non agricultural lands in Thavashikulam, Vavuniya. Experiment was carried out with RCBD with six treatments such as Control(T1), Urea (T2), Sun Hemp (T3) Azolla (T4) ) Gliricidia (T5) and Sesbania rostrata (T6), and three replicates. The results were analyzed by ANOVA for a Random Complete Block design (RCBD) to determine significance of differences (P>0.05) between the treatments. Duncun mean comparison was carried out by using SAS package. Nitrate losses were significantly (P=0.022) differ from each treatments and highest amount of loss was observed in Azolla (19.66mg) followed by Urea(17.54mg), sespania (15.34), Giliricidia ( 13.14)and sunhemp( 11.2 ). Nitrate losses were less in green manure(Sesbania, Sunhemp & Gliricidia) added soil than inorganic fertilized (urea) soil with
Health service is conducted to obtain a better level of health of the society. A decent level of health would increase of productivity, quality of life, and human development index as well as reducing poverty. The objectives of the research are (1) to analyze the effects of health services for the poor people on the health status in Medan City and (2) to analyze the effect of health and human services on regional developments in Medan City. This is an explanatory research. Population is poor family living in Medan City having Askeskin or Jamkesnas card. A number of 876 samples were chosen proportionally from 21 sub- district of Medan City. The effect of health service of poor people on human and regional development was analyzed by linear regression test. The result showed that there was a significant effect of the level of health services on health of poor people. Also, there is a significant effect of the quality of health service on human development in the regional development pers
The main aim of the present investigation is to determine the Moisture Content, Total ash, Acid insoluble ash, Water soluble ash, Alcohol soluble Extractive value and proximate analysis of Persea americana & Actinidia deliciosa fruit. The fruit samples were shade dried, powdered and used for further analysis. The phytochemicals were studied using the six different solvents extracts such as aqueous, ethanol, ethyl acetate, chloroform, petroleum ether and methanol. Among them aqueous, ethanol, ethyl acetate extract has shown the presence of potential components which act as antioxidants.
The room temperature AC conductivity σ(ω) of amorphous AsSe samples with various compositions have been measured in the 103 -106 Hz frequency range. The results indicate that ac conductivity is proportional to n with n=0.89±.01 in the 103 –106 Hz frequency range. Consideration of different models for the frequency –dependent conductivity leads to thermally activated hopping as the most likely process.
Correlation analysis is used for the study of chemical parameters of agricultural soil of different villages of Kutch district of Gujarat state in Western India. Our primary focus is to study mung bean crop based on randomly selected 30 medium black soil samples. Under the Soil Health Card Program of Government of Gujarat, soil samples were collected by authorized locally trained farmers and brought for analysis to Soil Test Laboratory, Bhuj. Standard Methods were used for the soil quality analysis. The objective of this work is to study and evaluate relation between soil properties and macro-nutrients (P, K, C and S) by using correlation analysis. Present study concludes that the statistical method ‘correlation analysis’ can provide a scientific basis for controlling and monitoring the agriculture soil fertility management.
A phytochemical screening of commercial samples of roasted coffee, soluble coffee and yerba maté prepared as tereré and chimarrão consumed in South America was evaluated. All samples were subjected to a qualitative assay for phytochemical screening in order to detect classes of phenolic compounds, as well as FT-IR analysis of the dried crude extracts, Antioxidant potential was conducted with DPPH assay. The results were similar to each sort of samples according to the presence of phenolic compounds classes, meanwhile the antioxidant potential percentage were varied.
Baccalureate (IB) Primary Years School and PYP IB World School. Uptown School is in the candidacy process for its IB Middle Years Programme, with the IB Diploma Program to follow. Uptown delivers the IB curriculum to grades Pre-K (3 by September 15) to Grade 10 starting in September 2014 with Grades 11 and 12 to be added in 2015 and 2016.